‘Dutch Sam’ the Boxer

Boxing matches or pugilism were very popular spectator sports, not to mention very lucrative with many men willing to fight for prize money. Here we take a brief look at a fight which lasted 58 and a half minutes, with 43 well-contested rounds between two renown pugilists of the day Samuel Elias (1775- 1814), known as ‘Dutch Sam’ and Ben Medley.

'Dutch Sam'. NYPL
‘Dutch Sam’. NYPL

The fight took place on May 31st, 1810 on Moulsey Hurst near Hampton in the presence of spectators numbering around 10,000, from all walks of life; it must have been quite a spectacle to behold.

A South West View of Hampton Court from the Hurst at Molesey in Surrey
A South West View of Hampton Court from the Hurst at Moulsey in Surrey

The prize for this match was 2,000 guineas with the odds in favour of Sam starting at two to one, notwithstanding his inferiority of strength compared with his opponent who was some twenty pounds heavier and more muscular.

Sam stripped in the ring to fight his twelfth battle, after having vanquished eleven others.  Medley had been about to fight Sam for the past two years, but it took until this date for it to come about. Medley was a respectable master tradesman who fought Sam for his own stake money.

At one o’clock the champions entered the ring and the contest began.

Round 1. Some sparring. Sam made a left-handed hit which Medley stopped, they closed and disengaged. Medley stopped again, then threw a punch at Sam.

Round 2. Medley made play, but without any luck, Sam commenced a rally and struck his adversary a violent blow on the temple, but Medley rallied.

Round 3. Medley made two or three short hits but laboured under a temporary derangement from the violent blow, but Sam stopped, then knocked him off his legs.

Round 4. A rally was again commenced by Medley and Sam knocked him down with a body blow.

Round 5. Sam blocked a good right-handed hit and flew right and left at his opponent’s head and body, both blows hit home.

Round 6. Medley took a hit to his face which was heard around the ring, his eye by this time injured with blood flowing. The fight was briefly stopped.

Round 7. Sam had the upper hand at the beginning of this round and hit Medley with all his force.

Round 8. In this round Medley took over and knocked Sam to the ground and laughed at him, but his features were badly damaged from the previous battering he had taken.

Round 9. Sam regained his composure and began his retaliation and ultimately knocked Medley to the ground again.

Round 10. Medley was knocked down.

Round 11. This was a round which consisted of real and disguised fighting, and it was the longest of the battle. Medley grew weak at least, after having made a hit on Sam’s nose, and he was knocked down.

Round 12. It would be difficult at this time to represent the situation of Medley; his face was shockingly disfigured, the torrents of blood which flew from Sam’s hits in the last round created a shocking scene. Medley, fell from weakness.

The battle continued in similar vein with a very much injured Medley, until they reached the 43rd round when Medley’s brother stepped and declared that Ben was well and truly beaten.

After this contest, Sam announced his retirement from the sport, but made a ‘come back’ in 1814, in which he was easily defeated.

Ben Medley was chosen as one of the pugilistic pages at the coronation of George IV.

Featured Image

Boxing match for 200 guineas between Dutch Sam and Medley fought 31 May 1810, on Moulsey Hurst near Hampton. British Museum

One thought on “‘Dutch Sam’ the Boxer

  1. ironrailsironweights

    Old-time boxing matches lasted so long because there was very little actual punching. The concept of the left jab did not yet exist, and boxers typically spent most rounds holding off one another with their outstretched left arms, looking for opportunities to land hard right punches. It was not unusual for a round to pass with neither boxer having thrown any punches.


    Liked by 1 person

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